Inheritance tax

Inheritance tax rates and allowances.

IHT may be payable when an individual's estate is worth more than the IHT nil rate band when they die.

Lifetime and death transfers between UK domiciled spouses are exempt from IHT.

For 2019/20, a further nil rate band of £150,000 (2018/19 - £125,000) may be available in relation to current or former residences.

The IHT threshold available on death may be increased for surviving spouses as there may have been a nil rate band not used, or not fully used, on the previous death.

There are reliefs for some business and farming assets which reduce their value for IHT purposes.

IHT may also be payable on gifts made in an individual's lifetime but within seven years of death.

Some lifetime gifts are exempt.

Transfers of assets into trust made in an individual's lifetime may be subject to an immediate charge but at lifetime rates.

There are also charges on some trusts.

Threshold

Standard nil rate band: £325,000

Rates

Rate %
Lifetime rate 20
Death rate 40
Death rate if sufficient charitable legacies made 36

Reliefs for lifetime gifts

Annual Exemption: £3,000

Small Gifts: £250

Marriage: The amount of relief depends on who the gift is from...

Gift from Amount (£)
Parent 5,000
Grandparent 2,500
Bride/groom 2,500
Other 1,000

Reduced charge on gifts within seven years of death

Years before death % of death charge
0-3 100
3-4 80
4-5 60
5-6 40
6-7 20

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Phipps Henson McAllister are registered to carry on audit work in the UK & Ireland and regulated for a range of investment business activities by the Institute of Chartered Accountants in England & Wales.

Details about our audit registration can be viewed at www.auditregister.org.uk for the UK and www.cro.ie/auditorsfor Ireland, under reference number EWC008449569.

This firm is not authorised under the Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 but we are able in certain circumstances to offer a limited range of investment services to clients because we are members of the Institute of Chartered Accountants in England and Wales. We can provide these investment services if they are an incidental part of the professional services we have been engaged to provide.